Five million people at high risk of type 2 diabetes

Five million people at high risk of type 2 diabetes



The report, compiled by PHE’s National Cardiovascular Health Intelligence Network (NCVIN) and commissioned by the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHS DPP) warns that the number of people at risk underlines the need to act on type 2 diabetes, which already results in 22,000 early deaths and costs the NHS £8.8 billion every year.


An evidence review by PHE shows programmes similar to the NHS DPP can be successful in preventing 26% of people at high risk of type 2 diabetes from going on to develop the condition. People supported by diabetes prevention programmes lose on average 1.57 kg more weight than those not on a programme aiming to significantly reduce diabetes risk.


The NHS DPP, which will begin to roll out next year, will offer at least nine months of information, support, group and one-to-one sessions on weight loss, physical activity and diet. A consultation is currently taking place to decide the programme’s final format.


Duncan Selbie, chief executive of PHE, said: “We know how to lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes: lose weight, exercise and eat healthily, but it’s hard to do it alone. PHE’s evidence review shows that supporting people along the way will help them protect their health and that’s what our prevention programme will do.”


Professor Jonathan Valabhji, National Clinical Director for Diabetes and Obesity, NHS England, said: “There are too many people on the cusp of developing type 2 diabetes and we can change that. The growing body of evidence makes us confident that our NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme will reduce the numbers of those at risk going on to develop the debilitating disease.”


The data on non-diabetic hyperglycaemia is broken down by local authority (LA) and ranges from 8.5% of people in Brighton and Hove to 14% in Harrow. Higher rates are found in areas with large ethnic minority populations or older populations, or both: the groups traditionally at higher risk of type 2 diabetes.


By Ingrid Torjesen


On Medica, 26 August 2015


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