How much sleep do I need? National Sleep Foundation updates its guidelines

How much sleep do I need? National Sleep Foundation updates its guidelines

The National Sleep Foundation and a panel of 18 medical scientists and researchers reviewed over 300 sleep studies to try and find the precise amount of time a person should sleep, according to their age.

While the simple answer is that there is no perfect sleep number to fit each individual, the NSF published a report updating sleep recommendations for all ages.

The ideals are as follows:

Newborns (0 - 3 months): 14-17 hours per day

Infants (4 - 11 months): 12-15 hours per day

Toddlers (1 - 2 years): 11-14 hours per day

Pre-school children (3 - 5 years) 10-13 hours per day

School age children (6 -13 years) 9-11 hours per day

Teenagers (14 - 17 years) 8-10 hours per day

Younger adults (18 - 25 years) 7-9 hours per day

Adults (26 - 64): 7 - 9 hours per day

Older adults (65 years+) 7-8 hours per day

The recommendation for adults has not changed. However the report did add two new categories – younger adults and older adults. Sleep needs vary depending on age, the Foundation said, and can be seriously impacted by lifestyle and health.

Another recent study in Norway revealed that the longer teenagers spend using electronic devices such as smartphones and tablets, the worse their sleep will be.

A study of almost 10,000 16-19  year-olds found that more than two hours of screen time after school linked strongly to delayed and shorter periods of sleep.

Experts said the evidence is so strong that health watchdogs should overhaul guidelines for electronic device use by teenagers.

Those who spent more than four hours staring at a screen per day were three and a half times likelier to sleep fewer than five hours a night, and 49 per cent more likely to take more than an hour to fall asleep. A healthy adult will typically take 30 minutes.

"The recommendations for healthy media use given to parents and adolescents need updating, and age specific guidelines regarding the quantity and timing of electronic media use should be developed," researchers said in a press release.

By Roisin O'Connor,

The Independent, Tuesday 3 February 2015

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